When your plants arrive (dependent on season) it is likely they will look like bare twigs with roots. This is normal, plant straight away and water well, when the warmer weather approaches leaves will start to appear.
Spacing is crucial, plant at least 1m apart to ensure there is sufficient space to grow and access your plant. Goji berry plants can grow to a height of 2m tall.
Mulch the area around the stems with leaf mould or garden compost to keep the soil moist and well-nourished. Plants grow faster and produce larger yields when cultivated outside. Grown indoors keep in mind goji plants do well in larger pots and require upgrades otherwise their growth will slow. Plants are hardy and cope outside (even in British winters!); they do not need to be potted for winter.
Goji berries prefer somewhat moist soil (although once established they are fairly drought tolerant). Ensure the soil is not saturated, and there is adequate drainage. Water the plants at soil level to avoid getting water on the leaves, preventing the promotion of fungal diseases.
Gojis thrive in sunlight, so whether planted indoors or outdoors, this is an important consideration. Placing them by a sunny window spot or in direct sunlight outside, will result in more vigorous growth and higher berry yields.
In early summer the plants will produce small, trumpet-shaped flowers that are either purple or white. Both flowers can be present on one plant, providing a beautiful backdrop before berry production begins. Ripe fruit can be harvested in autumn. Berries are nutritious, tangy and juicy - so plump it results in an almost shiny appearance. The flowers will continue to bloom until the first frosts.
Once they're a year old, they are perfectly winter hardy. Left unchecked, they grow into a thick bush that reaches up to three metres tall, with vines that can grow to nearly four metres. With regular pruning, the plant will form attractive shorter, thicker bushes that produce more flowers and berries as a result. Fertilising will assist in plant growth. Wood chips, compost, straw, worm casts or other organic materials are good fertilisers. As your goji plant grows, year after year, the berries will become larger and increases its yields.
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